Issues when replacing only bent valves and not heads?
Good evening techs, this is my son's car, purchased with torn timing belt and bent valves. He purchased some valves to replace the bent valves. Most of the time we have either purchased other heads or got a machine shop to replace valves. My question- are we liable to run into compression issues if we just replace the bent valves and reinstall the heads? I would never do that for a customer car, but in this case???
He did install the valves in the heads- now on a couple of them when you fill the ports with water they will slowly drip water out past the seats. Like a drop every 15 seconds. Would we be crazy to reinstall the heads that way?
Can't say I've seen it on an audi but some engines damage the pistons when the valves hit, may not be visible on the face, but the oil and compression rings and piston skirt could be compromised, there is that risk. Otherwise I tend to lap valves until they seat properly without leakage when you dont have a valve grinding machine, just making sure you dont go too far(mind the machine limits)
It would be wise to use carb spray/ throttle body cleaner and determine the leakage on the other valves. I dont use water. A bit of fine clover lapping compound with a suction cup may cure the leakage.
Hi Dwayne, Bent valve usually mean the guides will be flared at the ends (the whole guide is not damaged) on the combustion chamber side. They should run okay for a while, but I recommend lapping in valves anytime they are replaced regardless.
Spend some time looking at the TSB's for engine issues, then decide if you want to do a partial repair to an unknown engine. That engine is a very tough customer, especially with lousy service history. I can tell you it is a heartbreaker!!!
Hello, Dwayne. I'm not an Audi mechanic, but I've taken brand-new OE valves out of the box and found some that were bent a few thousandths. I have a really accurate valve grinder and I seldom find new valves that run exactly true. As others have said, I'd check seating by lapping with a little fine oil compound just to make sure. If the valves are badly bent, you might have guide and piston…
I would make sure to check the valve guides. Spent my younger years in a machine shop and it wasn't a rare occurrence to find a damaged guide when dealing with a bent valve. Also, since you're going through all of that work to disassemble the head, why not have it checked for flatness and machined (if needed) so your son will have years of trouble-free running? – Dave
Why would you try to take a short cut like this on one of your personal vehicles, and not on a customer vehicle? What are you going to do about the possibility of having cracked valve guides? There are a lot of gremlins out that are lurking when you just put in some valves and hope for the best. Your water test found one. Now, if you really want to find the leaking valves, use diesel fuel. The…
Hi Dwayne I have extensive vw/Audi dealership experience and I hate to say it but every time I or any of my coworkers attempted to install new valves for bent ones never ended good.Even if the engine runs it will be plagued with intermittent misfires and minimal compression in extreme cold.You are better off installing a known good used cylinder head
I've bought valve lapping compound and chucked the new valve in the head with a drill….. and done a quickie seat in job many times over the years. So far, I've had 100% success…. but you never know! It's a risk that you'll have the final say about.
I would lap them in by hand and check to see where the valve seat is contacting the valve face. I don’t see why you should have a problem unless you have a damaged seat, which is highly unlikely.
We have done many VW Audi cylinder head jobs over the years. Bent valves due to belt/chain issues are common. Long as you get them lapped in good (valve grinding compound and suction cup tool by hand has worked for us) check them with mineral spirits after. I see no reason for a new cylinder head unless there is a cracked or damaged guide or seat but that very rare!
Try smacking the top of the valves a couple of times with a small hammer and brass punch. There might just be some carbon on the seats. If water is leaking through then there is more than likely a problem. That being said, a lot of times when they bend the valves they will also hit the seat pretty bad and will require regrinding the seats. It could also have cracked guides.
Surely this car has had lots of use and there will be wear evident with the engine. The seats may well have been damaged and they were already getting wider. If you lap them you will make them even wider. How well will they stay on centre if the guides are damaged or worn? Lapping compound does not easily wipe off after as it needs to be washed off with hot water for proper cleaning. You asked…
Cars are fungible….. disposable. We professionals tend toward a “permanent fix” much too often, IMHO. So many variables not alluded to here would make for their own basis for debate on which way to go on this repair. I've seen many folks hire done, or do their own patch jobs to get by until they could afford either an entire proper repair or another vehicle. It's all fun!
Sherman, I do not disagree with how great of a job we may perform with repair quality. Purchasing a vehicle of this type, in this condition, is not likely where some one is trying to get by as a matter of costs. It is an old car but likely still could be worth 4 or 5 thousand? The big work is tearing it apart. This is at least a 10-12 hour job without any big complications. Spending another 4…
Dwayne, Also check to see if this engine has pressed on camshaft lobes. If it does, they can be shifted on the cam when the valves hit the pistons.
I would lap the valves in by hand to make sure the valves seal in the seat.